photo of Rabbit sitting on grass

Rabbits and Tularemia

While most homeowners consider rabbits pests because they eat garden plants, their ability to spread disease is also cause for concern. Tularemia is the most common rabbit disease.

Hunting season puts people at the highest risk for tularemia. Touching infected animals and eating undercooked meat are the most common ways for the illness to spread. Symptoms of this rabbit disease can start within three days after contact and include:

  • Skin ulcers
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Sore throat
  • Sudden fever or chills
  • Muscle aches

Other Rabbit Diseases Passed to Humans

Additionally, parasites living in the pests’ fur can cause health problems. Ticks, for example, may carry Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain spotted fever. Some rabbits also spread ringworm to humans. The animals harbor fleas as well, though these insects pose more of a threat to pets than people.


In order to avoid rabbit diseases, homeowners should construct fences around their gardens and use tree guards to keep the pests at bay. Trutech’s wildlife experts can help homeowners limit their exposure to illness through their efficient, humane removal methods.