Nutria Control

Nutria Control, Trapping & Removal Services

We can rid you of Nutria problems safely and efficiently

Nutria, also known as coypu, are aquatic rodents similar to beavers and muskrats. They are well-known for digging underwater burrows and breeding at a fast pace. Native to South America, the rodents were imported to the United States in the early part of the 20th century by trappers hoping to cultivate a new source of fur. By the 1950s, their numbers had grown to more than 20 million and they began to severely damage the fragile wetland ecosystems of the Gulf Coast states. Today, nutria are widely considered invasive pests.

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APPEARANCE

The brown-furred rodents typically grow about 24 inches long, have 12-inch hairy tails, and weigh between 10 and 20 pounds. Their forepaws have sharp claws that enable them to dig extensive burrows and scavenge for underwater plants and tubers. Nutria have webbed hind paws and can hold their breath underwater for 5 to 10 minutes at a time, which makes them formidable swimmers. They have large incisors used to chew the stalks, stems, and bark of plants and trees.

DIET

Nutria are known to scavenge underwater for roots, tubers, and stems of aquatic plants, which make up the large majority of their diet. A special set of lips allows the animals to use their teeth to chew while submerged without letting water into their mouths. The rodents have also been known to take advantage of crops located near water sources, such as rice paddies and other irrigated plants.

HABITAT

Living along the South Coast, East Coast, and Pacific Northwest, nutria prefer wetland habitats. They use their claws to dig burrows for their families into the sides of steep embankments. Entrances are usually located underwater. Some burrows grow quite large, with multiple levels, long tunnels, and several chambers used for sleeping and nursing. Occasionally, the animals also construct floating mats of vegetation upon which they rest or feed.

TREATMENT SOLUTIONS

ENTRY INTO HOMES OR BUSINESSES

ENTRY INTO HOMES OR BUSINESSES

Although powerful swimmers, nutria are awkward walkers and shuffle about with a hunched posture as they forage for food on land. For this reason, it is rare to see the creatures in yards or near homes unless private properties stand very close to the water’s edge or are located near streams, lakes, or wetlands.

PROBLEMS & DAMAGE

PROBLEMS & DAMAGE

Since their introduction, nutria have steadily eroded the fragile wetland ecosystems around the United States. Their voracious appetites and large numbers leave their habitats completely stripped of vegetation, prompting erosion and destroying shelter and food sources that many native creatures rely on. Their burrows also weaken the soil and damage natural or man-made dams, dikes, and embankments. Additionally, diseases, such as tularemia and giardia, are transmitted by nutria and can affect both humans and pets.

PREVENTION & EXCLUSION

PREVENTION & EXCLUSION

Nutria are not good climbers, and can be excluded from areas with sturdy fences. To be most effective, fences should be buried at least a foot underground and stand three feet tall. As the rodents prefer to dig their burrows into steep banks near rivers or marshes, modifying the angle of inclination by digging or piling additional dirt onto coasts may make environments less attractive. Upon discovering established nutria burrows, partially expose the nests or fill entrances with loose soil to push the rodents into moving elsewhere.

TRAPPING & REMOVAL

TRAPPING & REMOVAL

In some states nutria are considered important fur-bearing animals and receive legal protection, while in others they are simply considered nuisances. To avoid legal retribution, individuals should contact wildlife control specialists to handle infestations. The professionals at Trutech have the experience and knowledge necessary to humanely and legally handle populations of nutria.